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PKCS7_ADD_ATTRIBUTE(3)                      DragonFly Library Functions Manual

NAME

PKCS7_add_attribute, PKCS7_set_attributes, PKCS7_get_attribute, PKCS7_add_signed_attribute, PKCS7_set_signed_attributes, PKCS7_get_signed_attribute, PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type, PKCS7_add1_attrib_digest, PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time, PKCS7_add_attrib_smimecap - attributes of SignerInfo objects

SYNOPSIS

#include <openssl/pkcs7.h> int PKCS7_add_attribute(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, int nid, int attrtype, void *value); int PKCS7_set_attributes(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, STACK_OF(X509_ATTRIBUTE) *sk); ASN1_TYPE * PKCS7_get_attribute(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, int nid); int PKCS7_add_signed_attribute(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, int nid, int attrtype, void *value); int PKCS7_set_signed_attributes(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, STACK_OF(X509_ATTRIBUTE) *sk); ASN1_TYPE * PKCS7_get_signed_attribute(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, int nid); int PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, ASN1_OBJECT *coid); int PKCS7_add1_attrib_digest(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, const unsigned char *md, int mdlen); int PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, ASN1_TIME *t); int PKCS7_add_attrib_smimecap(PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO *si, STACK_OF(X509_ALGOR) *cap);

DESCRIPTION

PKCS7_add_attribute() appends a new attribute of type nid to the unauthenticatedAttributes list of si, and it adds a new ASN.1 ANY object of type attrtype with the given value to the new attribute. Ownership of the value is transferred into the new attribute object, so the calling code must not free(3) the value. If the list already contains an unauthenticated attribute of type nid before the call, the new attribute replaces the old one instead of being appended to the end of the list. PKCS7_set_attributes() frees the unauthenticatedAttributes list of si and all the attributes contained in it and replaces it with a deep copy of sk. PKCS7_get_attribute() retrieves the first ASN.1 ANY member of the attribute of type nid from the unauthenticatedAttributes list of si. The behaviour of PKCS7_add_signed_attribute(), PKCS7_set_signed_attributes(), and PKCS7_get_signed_attribute() is identical except that they operate on the list of authenticatedAttributes. The normal way to use PKCS7_add_signed_attribute() is to first create a SignedInfo object with PKCS7_sign(3) using the PKCS7_PARTIAL or PKCS7_STREAM flag, retrieve the PKCS7_SIGNER_INFO object with PKCS7_get_signer_info(3) or add an additional one with PKCS7_sign_add_signer(3), call PKCS7_add_signed_attribute() for each desired additional attribute, then do the signing with PKCS7_final(3) or with another finalizing function. The four remaining functions are wrappers around PKCS7_add_signed_attribute(). PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type() sets the NID_pkcs9_contentType attribute to coid, which specifies the content type of the ContentInfo value to be signed. This attribute is mandatory and automatically added by PKCS7_sign(3) and PKCS7_sign_add_signer(3) unless the PKCS7_NOATTR flag is present. Objects suitable as coid arguments can for example be obtained with OBJ_nid2obj(3). If coid is NULL, the content type defaults to NID_pkcs7_data. PKCS7_add1_attrib_digest() sets or replaces the NID_pkcs9_messageDigest attribute, which is the message digest of the contents octets of the DER- encoding of the content field of the ContentInfo value being signed, to a copy of md, which is assumed to be mdlen bytes long. If mdlen is -1, then strlen(md) is used instead of mdlen. This attribute is mandatory and automatically added by PKCS7_dataFinal(3) and PKCS7_final(3). PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time() sets or replaces the optional NID_pkcs9_signingTime attribute to t, specifying the time at which the signer performed the signing process. Ownership of t is transferred into the new attribute object, so the calling code must not free(3) t. If t is NULL, a new ASN1_TIME structure is allocated. This attribute is automatically added by PKCS7_dataFinal(3) and PKCS7_final(3). PKCS7_add_attrib_smimecap() sets or replaces the optional NID_SMIMECapabilities attribute, indicating algorithms the sender is prepared to handle. The cap pointer is not stored in the new attribute object and can be passed to sk_X509_ALGOR_pop_free() after the call. This attribute is automatically added by PKCS7_sign(3) and PKCS7_sign_add_signer(3) unless the PKCS7_NOATTR or PKCS7_NOSMIMECAP flag is present.

RETURN VALUES

PKCS7_add_attribute(), PKCS7_set_attributes(), PKCS7_add_signed_attribute(), PKCS7_set_signed_attributes(), PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type(), PKCS7_add1_attrib_digest(), PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time(), and PKCS7_add_attrib_smimecap() return 1 on success or 0 on failure. The most common reason for failure is lack of memory. PKCS7_add_attribute() and PKCS7_add_signed_attribute() also fail if nid is invalid, and PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type() if si already contains an authenticated attribute of type NID_pkcs9_contentType. PKCS7_get_attribute() and PKCS7_get_signed_attribute() return an internal pointer to an ASN.1 ANY object or NULL on failure. They fail if nid is invalid, if the respective list in si contains no attribute of the requested type, or if an invalid element is found in the list before finding the attribute of the requested type.

SEE ALSO

ASN1_TIME_new(3), ASN1_TYPE_new(3), OBJ_nid2obj(3), PKCS7_final(3), PKCS7_get_signer_info(3), PKCS7_new(3), PKCS7_sign(3), PKCS7_sign_add_signer(3), STACK_OF(3), X509_ALGOR_new(3), X509_ATTRIBUTE_new(3)

STANDARDS

RFC 2315: PKCS #7: Cryptographic Message Syntax Version 1.5, section 9.2: SignerInfo type RFC 2985: PKCS #9: Selected Object Classes and Attribute Types Version 2.0, section 5.3: Attribute types for use in PKCS #7 data and section 5.6: Attributes defined in S/MIME RFC 8551: Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME) Version 4.0 Message Specification, section 2.5.2: SMIMECapabilities Attribute

HISTORY

PKCS7_add_attribute(), PKCS7_set_attributes(), PKCS7_get_attribute(), PKCS7_add_signed_attribute(), PKCS7_set_signed_attributes(), and PKCS7_get_signed_attribute() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.1 and have been available since OpenBSD 2.6. PKCS7_add_attrib_smimecap() first appeared in OpenSSL 0.9.5 and has been available since OpenBSD 2.7. PKCS7_add_attrib_content_type(), PKCS7_add1_attrib_digest(), and PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time() first appeared in OpenSSL 1.0.0 and have been available since OpenBSD 4.9.

CAVEATS

PKCS7_set_signed_attributes() does not validate that sk contains the PKCS #9 content type and message digest attributes required by RFC 2315. It succeeds even when sk is empty, leaving si in a state that violates the standard. PKCS7_add0_attrib_signing_time() does not validate t in any way. In particular, it may set the signing time to the future or to the remote past.

BUGS

A function to remove individual attributes from these lists does not appear to exist. A program desiring to do that might have to manually iterate the fields auth_attr and unauth_attr of si, which are both of type STACK_OF(X509_ATTRIBUTE), using the facilities described in STACK_OF(3) and OPENSSL_sk_new(3). DragonFly 6.1-DEVELOPMENT June 10, 2020 DragonFly 6.1-DEVELOPMENT

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