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BASENAME(1)            DragonFly General Commands Manual           BASENAME(1)


basename, dirname -- return filename or directory portion of pathname


basename string [suffix] basename [-a] [-s suffix] string [...] dirname string [...]


The basename utility deletes any prefix ending with the last slash `/' character present in string (after first stripping trailing slashes), and a suffix, if given. The suffix is not stripped if it is identical to the remaining characters in string. The resulting filename is written to the standard output. A non-existent suffix is ignored. If -a is specified, then every argument is treated as a string as if basename were invoked with just one argument. If -s is specified, then the suffix is taken as its argument, and all other arguments are treated as a string. The dirname utility deletes the filename portion, beginning with the last slash `/' character to the end of string (after first stripping trailing slashes), and writes the result to the standard output.


The basename and dirname utilities exit 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


basename together with -a interprets the second argument as a string and produces "foo" followed by "bar" for: basename -a /usr/bin/foo /sbin/bar Passing multiple arguments to dirname produces /usr/bin followed by /sbin dirname /usr/bin/foo /sbin/bar The following line sets the shell variable FOO to /usr/bin. FOO=`dirname /usr/bin/trail`


csh(1), sh(1), basename(3), dirname(3)


The basename and dirname utilities are expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') compatible. DragonFly 4.5 April 18, 1994 DragonFly 4.5

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