DragonFly On-Line Manual Pages

Search: Section:  

CHROOT(2)                DragonFly System Calls Manual               CHROOT(2)


chroot, chroot_kernel -- change root directory


Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


#include <unistd.h> int chroot(const char *dirname); int chroot_kernel(const char *dirname);


Dirname is the address of the pathname of a directory, terminated by an ASCII NUL. Chroot() causes dirname to become the root directory, that is, the starting point for path searches of pathnames beginning with `/'. In order for a directory to become the root directory a process must have execute (search) access for that directory. It should be noted that chroot() has no effect on the process's current directory. This call is restricted to the super-user. Depending on the setting of the kern.chroot_allow_open_directories sysctl variable, open filedescriptors which reference directories will make the chroot() fail as follows: If kern.chroot_allow_open_directories is set to zero, chroot() will always fail with EPERM if there are any directories open. If kern.chroot_allow_open_directories is set to one (the default), chroot() will fail with EPERM if there are any directories open and the process is already subject to a chroot() call. Any other value for kern.chroot_allow_open_directories will bypass the check for open directories Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate an error. The chroot_kernel() system call adjusts the kernel's internal namecache and root vnode references to dirname. If used in conjunction with chroot() during early boot, it allows for changing the root mount to any mount point available at that time.


Chroot() will fail and the root directory will be unchanged if: [ENOTDIR] A component of the path name is not a directory. [EPERM] The effective user ID is not the super-user, or one or more filedescriptors are open directories. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ENOENT] The named directory does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for any component of the path name. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat- ing the pathname. [EFAULT] dirname points outside the process's allocated address space. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system.


chdir(2), jail(2)


The chroot() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. DragonFly 3.5 August 1, 2010 DragonFly 3.5

Search: Section: