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TRUNCATE(2)              DragonFly System Calls Manual             TRUNCATE(2)


truncate, ftruncate -- truncate or extend a file to a specified length


Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


#include <unistd.h> int truncate(const char *path, off_t length); int ftruncate(int fd, off_t length);


Truncate() causes the file named by path or referenced by fd to be trun- cated or extended to length bytes in size. If the file was larger than this size, the extra data is lost. If the file was smaller than this size, it will be extended as if by writing bytes with the value zero. With ftruncate(), the file must be open for writing.


Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.


Truncate() succeeds unless: [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix. [EACCES] The named file is not writable by the user. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat- ing the pathname. [EISDIR] The named file is a directory. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [ETXTBSY] The file is a pure procedure (shared text) file that is being executed. [EIO] An I/O error occurred updating the inode. [EFAULT] Path points outside the process's allocated address space. Ftruncate() succeeds unless: [EBADF] The fd is not a valid descriptor. [EINVAL] The fd references a socket, not a file. [EINVAL] The fd is not open for writing.




The truncate() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.


These calls should be generalized to allow ranges of bytes in a file to be discarded. Use of truncate() to extend a file is not portable. DragonFly 3.5 June 4, 1993 DragonFly 3.5

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