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REALLOCARRAY(3)       DragonFly Library Functions Manual       REALLOCARRAY(3)


reallocarray, recallocarray -- memory reallocation functions


Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


#include <stdlib.h> void * reallocarray(void *ptr, size_t number, size_t size); void * recallocarray(void *ptr, size_t oldnmemb, size_t nmemb, size_t size);


The reallocarray() function is similar to the realloc() function except it operates on number members of size size and checks for integer overflow in the calculation number * size. The recallocarray() function is similar to reallocarray() except it ensures newly allocated memory is cleared similar to calloc().


The reallocarray() function returns a pointer to the allocated space; otherwise, a NULL pointer is returned and errno is set to ENOMEM.


Consider reallocarray() when there is multiplication in the size argument of malloc() or realloc(). For example, avoid this common idiom as it may lead to integer overflow: if ((p = malloc(num * size)) == NULL) err(1, "malloc"); A drop-in replacement is the OpenBSD extension reallocarray(): if ((p = reallocarray(NULL, num, size)) == NULL) err(1, "reallocarray"); When using realloc(), be careful to avoid the following idiom: size += 50; if ((p = realloc(p, size)) == NULL) return (NULL); Do not adjust the variable describing how much memory has been allocated until the allocation has been successful. This can cause aberrant program behavior if the incorrect size value is used. In most cases, the above sample will also result in a leak of memory. As stated earlier, a return value of NULL indicates that the old object still remains allocated. Better code looks like this: newsize = size + 50; if ((newp = realloc(p, newsize)) == NULL) { free(p); p = NULL; size = 0; return (NULL); } p = newp; size = newsize; As with malloc(), it is important to ensure the new size value will not overflow; i.e. avoid allocations like the following: if ((newp = realloc(p, num * size)) == NULL) { ... Instead, use reallocarray(): if ((newp = reallocarray(p, num, size)) == NULL) { ...




The reallocarray() function first appeared in OpenBSD 5.6 and DragonFly 5.5. The recallocarray() function appeared in OpenBSD 6.1 and DragonFly 5.5. DragonFly 5.5 April 11, 2019 DragonFly 5.5

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