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TIMEOUT(1)             DragonFly General Commands Manual            TIMEOUT(1)


timeout - run a command with a time limit


timeout [-k time | --kill-after time] [-s sig | --signal sig] [-v | --verbose] [--foreground] [--preserve-status] duration command [args ...]


timeout starts the command with its args. If the command is still running after duration, it is killed. By default, SIGTERM is sent. The special duration, zero, signifies no limit. Therefore a signal is never sent if duration is 0. The options are as follows: -k time, --kill-after time Send a SIGKILL signal if command is still running after time after the first signal was sent. -s sig, --signal sig Specify the signal to send on timeout. By default, SIGTERM is sent. -v, --verbose Show information to stderr about any signal sent on timeout. --foreground Do not propagate timeout to the children of command. --preserve-status Exit with the same status as command, even if it times out and is killed.


The duration and time are non-negative integer or real (decimal) numbers, with an optional unit-specifying suffix. Values without an explicit unit are interpreted as seconds. Supported unit symbols are: s seconds m minutes h hours d days


If the timeout was not reached, the exit status of command is returned. If the timeout was reached and --preserve-status is set, the exit status of command is returned. If --preserve-status is not set, an exit status of 124 is returned. If an invalid parameter is passed to -s or -k, the exit status returned is 125. If command is an otherwise invalid program, the exit status returned is 126. If command refers to a non-existing program, the exit status returned is 127. If command exits after receiving a signal, the exit status returned is the signal number plus 128.


Run sleep(1) with a time limit of 4 seconds. Since the command completes in 2 seconds, the exit status is 0: $ timeout 4 sleep 2 $ echo $? 0 Run sleep(1) for 4 seconds and terminate process after 2 seconds. 124 is returned since no --preserve-status is used: $ timeout 2 sleep 4 $ echo $? 124 Same as above but preserving status. Exit status is 128 + signal number (15 for SIGTERM) $ timeout --preserve-status 2 sleep 4 $ echo $? 143 Same as above but sending SIGALRM (signal number 14) instead of SIGTERM $ timeout --preserve-status -s SIGALRM 2 sleep 4 $ echo $? 142 Try to fetch(1) the single page version of the FreeBSD Handbook. Send a SIGTERM signal after 1 minute and send a SIGKILL signal 5 seconds later if the process refuses to stop: timeout -k 5s 1m fetch \ https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/book.html


kill(1), signal(3)


The timeout command first appeared in FreeBSD 10.3, and was imported into DragonFly 5.9. The FreeBSD work is compatible with GNU timeout by Padraig Brady, from GNU Coreutils 8.21. The timeout utility first appeared in GNU Coreutils 7.0.


Baptiste Daroussin <bapt@FreeBSD.org> and Vsevolod Stakhov <vsevolod@FreeBSD.org> DragonFly 5.9-DEVELOPMENT January 2, 2021 DragonFly 5.9-DEVELOPMENT

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