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ARCHIVE(8)                InterNetNews Documentation                ARCHIVE(8)


archive - Usenet article archiver


archive [-cfr] [-a archive] [-i index] [-p pattern] [input]


archive makes copies of files specified on its standard input. It is normally run either as a channel feed under innd or by a script before news.daily is run. archive reads the named input file, or standard input if no file is given. The input is taken as a sequence of lines; blank lines and lines starting with a number sign ("#") are ignored. All other lines should specify the token of an article to archive. Every article is retrieved from a token, and the Xref: header is used to determine the target file in the archive directory. You can limit the targets taken from the Xref: header with the -p option. Files are copied to a directory within the archive directory, patharchive in inn.conf (or some other directory given with -a). The default is to create a hierarchy that mimics a traditional news spool storage of the given articles; intermediate directories will be created as needed. For example, if the input token represents article 2211 in the newsgroup comp.sources.unix, archive will by default store the article as: comp/sources/unix/2211 in the archive area. This can be modified with the -c and -f options.


-a archive If the -a flag is given, its argument specifies the root of the archive area, instead of patharchive in inn.conf. -c If the -c flag is given, directory names will be flattened as described under the -f option. Then, additionally, all posts will be concatenated into a single file, appending to that file if it already exists. The file name will be "YYYYMM", formed from the current time when archive is run. In other words, if given an article in comp.sources.unix on December 14th, 1998, the article would be appended to the file: comp.sources.unix/199812 in the archive area. Articles will be separated by a line containing only "-----------". -f If the -f flag is used, directory names will be flattened, replacing the slashes with the periods. In other words, article 2211 in comp.sources.unix will be written to: comp.sources.unix/2211 in the archive area. -i index If the -i flag is used, archive will append one line to the file index for each article that it archives. This line will contain the destination file name, the Message-ID: header, and the Subject: header of the message, separated by spaces. If either header is missing (normally not possible if the article was accepted by innd), it will be replaced by "<none>". The headers will be transformed using the same rules as are used to generate overview data (unfolded and then with tabs, CR, and LF replaced by spaces). -p pattern Limits the targets taken from the Xref: header to the groups specified in pattern. pattern is a uwildmat(3) pattern matching newsgroups that you wish to have archive handle. -r By default, archive sets its standard error to pathlog/errlog. To suppress this redirection, use the -r flag.


If the input is exhausted, archive will exit with a zero status. If an I/O error occurs, it will try to spool its input, copying it to a file. If there was no input filename, the standard input will be copied to pathoutgoing/archive and the program will exit. If an input filename was given, a temporary file named input.bch (if input is an absolute pathname) or pathoutgoing/input.bch (if the filename does not begin with a slash) is created. Once the input is copied, archive will try to rename this temporary file to be the name of the input file, and then exit.


A typical newsfeeds(5) entry to archive most source newsgroups is as follows: source-archive!\ :!*,*sources*,!*wanted*,!*.d\ :Tc,Wn\ :<pathbin>/archive -f -i <patharchive>/INDEX Replace <pathbin> and <patharchive> with the appropriate paths.


Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for InterNetNews. Converted to POD by Russ Allbery <eagle@eyrie.org>. $Id: archive.pod 9767 2014-12-07 21:13:43Z iulius $


inn.conf(5), newsfeeds(5). INN 2.6.0 2015-09-12 ARCHIVE(8) ARCHIVE_READ_FORMAT(3) DragonFly Library Functions Manual


archive_read_support_format_7zip, archive_read_support_format_all, archive_read_support_format_ar, archive_read_support_format_by_code, archive_read_support_format_cab, archive_read_support_format_cpio, archive_read_support_format_empty, archive_read_support_format_iso9660, archive_read_support_format_lha, archive_read_support_format_mtree, archive_read_support_format_rar, archive_read_support_format_raw, archive_read_support_format_tar, archive_read_support_format_xar, archive_read_support_format_zip - functions for reading streaming archives


Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive)


#include <archive.h> int archive_read_support_format_7zip(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_all(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_ar(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_by_code(struct archive *, int); int archive_read_support_format_cab(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_cpio(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_empty(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_iso9660(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_lha(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_mtree(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_rar(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_raw(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_tar(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_xar(struct archive *); int archive_read_support_format_zip(struct archive *);


archive_read_support_format_7zip(), archive_read_support_format_ar(), archive_read_support_format_cab(), archive_read_support_format_cpio(), archive_read_support_format_iso9660(), archive_read_support_format_lha(), archive_read_support_format_mtree(), archive_read_support_format_rar(), archive_read_support_format_raw(), archive_read_support_format_tar(), archive_read_support_format_xar(), archive_read_support_format_zip() Enables support---including auto-detection code---for the specified archive format. For example, archive_read_support_format_tar() enables support for a variety of standard tar formats, old-style tar, ustar, pax interchange format, and many common variants. archive_read_support_format_all() Enables support for all available formats except the "raw" format (see below). archive_read_support_format_by_code() Enables a single format specified by the format code. This can be useful when reading a single archive twice; use archive_format() after reading the first time and pass the resulting code to this function to selectively enable only the necessary format support. Note: In statically-linked executables, this will cause your program to include support for every format. If executable size is a concern, you may wish to avoid using this function. archive_read_support_format_empty() Enables support for treating empty files as empty archives. Because empty files are valid for several different formats, it is not possible to accurately determine a format for an empty file based purely on contents. So empty files are treated by libarchive as a distinct format. archive_read_support_format_raw() The "raw" format handler allows libarchive to be used to read arbitrary data. It treats any data stream as an archive with a single entry. The pathname of this entry is "data"; all other entry fields are unset. This is not enabled by archive_read_support_format_all() in order to avoid erroneous handling of damaged archives.


These functions return ARCHIVE_OK on success, or ARCHIVE_FATAL.


Detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno() and archive_error_string() functions.


tar(1), archive_read_data(3), archive_read_filter(3), archive_read_set_options(3), archive_util(3), libarchive(3), tar(5)


Many traditional archiver programs treat empty files as valid empty archives. For example, many implementations of tar(1) allow you to append entries to an empty file. Of course, it is impossible to determine the format of an empty file by inspecting the contents, so this library treats empty files as having a special "empty" format. Using the "raw" handler together with any other handler will often work but can produce surprising results. DragonFly 5.9-DEVELOPMENT February 2, 2012 DragonFly 5.9-DEVELOPMENT

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