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DIR(5)                   DragonFly File Formats Manual                  DIR(5)


dir, dirent -- directory file format


#include <dirent.h>


Directories provide a convenient hierarchical method of grouping files while obscuring the underlying details of the storage medium. A direc- tory file is differentiated from a plain file by a flag in its inode(5) entry. It consists of records (directory entries) each of which contains information about a file and a pointer to the file itself. Directory entries may contain other directories as well as plain files; such nested directories are referred to as subdirectories. A hierarchy of directo- ries and files is formed in this manner and is called a file system (or referred to as a file system tree). Each directory file contains two special directory entries; one is a pointer to the directory itself called dot `.' and the other a pointer to its parent directory called dot-dot `..'. Dot and dot-dot are valid pathnames, however, the system root directory `/', has no parent and dot- dot points to itself like dot. File system nodes are ordinary directory files on which has been grafted a file system object, such as a physical disk or a partitioned area of such a disk. (See mount(2) and mount(8).) The directory entry format is defined in <sys/dirent.h>. This file should not be included directly by applications.


fs(5), inode(5)


A dir file format appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.


The usage of the member d_type of struct dirent is unportable as it is DragonFly/FreeBSD-specific. It also may fail on certain filesystems, for example the cd9660 filesystem. DragonFly 3.5 March 5, 2005 DragonFly 3.5

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