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SWAPON(8)              DragonFly System Manager's Manual             SWAPON(8)


swapon, swapoff, swapctl - specify devices for paging and swapping


swapon -acEiq | file ... swapoff -aq | file ... swapctl [-AeghklmsU] [-a file ... | -d file ...]


The swapon, swapoff and swapctl utilities are used to control swap devices in the system. At boot time all swap entries in /etc/fstab are added automatically when the system goes multi-user. Swap devices use a fixed interleave; the maximum number of devices is specified by the kernel configuration option NSWAPDEV, which is typically set to 4. There is no priority mechanism. The swapon utility adds the specified swap devices to the system. If the -a option is used, all swap devices in /etc/fstab will be added. The following options are supported: "noauto" The device is ignored and will not be added or removed with this option. "crypt" Swap will be encrpted with a random key using a /dev/mapper name of swap-<device> , for example 'swap-da0s1b'. This will also load the dm_target_crypt module if necessary. "trim" Swap will be TRIMed if the device supports it, otherwise this option will be ignored. If the -q option is used informational messages will not be written to standard output when a swap device is added. If the -c option is used, the device will be encrypted with a random key. If the -E option is used, the device will be trimmed if it supports trim and the trim_enabled sysctl is on. The -i option asks user confirmation before adding a swap device. The swapoff utility removes the specified swap devices from the system. If the -a option is used, all swap devices in /etc/fstab will be removed, unless their "noauto" option is also set. If the -c option is used the device is mapped to the appropriate crypto device and the crypto device is removed as well. If this option is specified in swapon then it should also be specified in swapoff. If the -q option is used informational messages will not be written to standard output when a swap device is removed. Note that swapoff will fail and refuse to remove a swap device if there is insufficient VM (memory + remaining swap devices) to run the system. The swapoff utility must move swapped pages out of the device being removed which could lead to high system loads for a period of time, depending on how much data has been swapped out to that device. The swapctl utility exists primarily for those familiar with other BSDs and may be used to add, remove, or list swap devices. Note that the -a option is used differently in swapctl and indicates that a specific list of devices should be added. The -d option indicates that a specific list should be removed. The -A and -U options to swapctl operate on all swap entries in /etc/fstab which do not have their "noauto" option set. Swap information can be generated using the swapinfo(8) utility, pstat -s, or swapctl -l. The swapctl utility has the following options for listing swap: -h Output values in human-readable form. -g Output values in gigabytes. -k Output values in kilobytes. -m Output values in megabytes. -l List the devices making up system swap. -s Print a summary line for system swap. -c The swap is or should be crypted. -e, -E Attempts to Trim the device if -[Aa] is used. The lower-case version of this option is deprecated. -i Asks user confirmation when -a is used. -q Less noisy output. The BLOCKSIZE environment variable is used if not specifically overridden. 1K blocks are used by default.


/dev/{ad,da}?s?b standard paging devices /dev/vn?s?b vnode disk paging device /etc/fstab ASCII filesystem description table /etc/vntab ASCII vnode file table


These utilities may fail for the reasons described in swapon(2).


swapon(2), fstab(5), init(8), pstat(8), rc(8), vnconfig(8)


The swapon utility appeared in 4.0BSD. The swapoff and swapctl utilities appeared in FreeBSD 5.1 and were later ported to DragonFly 2.7. DragonFly 5.5-DEVELOPMENT September 7, 2010 DragonFly 5.5-DEVELOPMENT

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